The 40th Anniversary of the Execution of General Salaad Gabeyre

By Dr. Maxamed Cali Axmed Kamoole - On July 3, 1972, around 08:00 am a painful and cruel capital punishment was made on General Salaad Gabeyre Kadiye, General Mohamed Aynanshe Guleid and Colonel Abdulkadir Dheyl Abdulle. Today marks the 40th anniversary of their execution.
Article Keydmedia Online
The 40th Anniversary of the Execution of General Salaad Gabeyre

The leader of the murderous group was the Dictator Siyad Barre, but the other conspirators who actively participated in included Mohamed Ali Samater, Ismail Ali Abokor, the late Abdalla Mohamed Fadil, Ahmed Suleyman Dafle, Mohamud Gelle Yusuf, and Abdulkadir Haji Masaleh.

Forty years is somewhat close to half of a century, yet it doesn’t seem that long time has passed as it is evident that the bleeding wounds inflicted on the slain gentlemen remain in the hearts and minds of millions of Somalis. Siyaad Barre and his collaborators not only killed these gentlemen but also robbed their families of all their assets leaving their orphaned children and widows destitute. They further purged from the government records, their names, respect, history and legacy that they left behind through their careers in politics and the military. They were known as heroes and had made a significant contribution to the nation.

History acknowledges that these gentlemen were executed due to suspicion after it became apparent that deliberately broken promises and disagreements associated with a subgroup that Afweyne {Big Mouth, a nickname of Mohamed Siyad Barre} planted within those who were planning to overthrow the legitimate civilian government and those whose names were later added to the list of the Supreme Revolutionary Council members.

Siyaad Barre was only fearful that one of these three gentlemen from major clans would become the commander in chief of the Somali National Army without considering their patriotism and good citizenship.

He {Siyaad Barre} wanted in the first place to become both the President of the Supreme Revolutionary Council and Commander in Chief of the Somali National Army and if that doesn’t work out to appoint for that position, as it happened later, Mohamed Ali Samatar and Abdalla Fadil who became the commander in chief and deputy-commander.

Samatar and Fadil were close friends with Salaad Gabeyre, but before and after they were appointed to these positions, they started to associate with him in a deceitful way. One of the most important aspects of their assignment was to report by the hour all the steps and approaches that he might undertake as well as to accompany him all the time in order to be knowledgeable about his activities.

Siyaad Barre was worried and consumed by Salaad’s undeterred interest in the position of Commander in Chief of the Somali National Army position and that he {Salaad} had no desire for the position of Minister of Defense, a post to which he was appointed to. It is believed that his refusal of that position led to the underlying suspicion that he was considering/planning a coup d’état.

It is believed that there were some terms of agreement regarding power sharing before {the military} taking over the government. These {terms} include: since Afweyne was the most senior person both by age and rank among the planning team, that he should be considered for the Presidential position and Salaad Gabeyre would become the Commander in Chief of the Somali National Army.

When they became to power, since Siyaad Barre was known to be suspicious of others and doesn’t adhere to his principals, he was convinced that Salaad Gabeyre was determined to plan a coup d’état similar to the Egyptian Revolution tactics that Jamal Abdinassir utilized when he assumed the Presidency by overthrowing General Mohamed Najib who was on power for two years and got there because of his age.

Based on testimonies from military officers who were knowledgeable about the events that were taking place in Avizione {military} Base point out that high ranking officers who were friends and peers of Salaad Gabeyre were very upset after they learned that Salaad had agreed to accept Afweyne as the President of the Supreme Revolutionary Council. Some of these very angry officers were awarded with medals of National Hero during the 1964 war {between Ethiopia and Somalia} including Col. Ibrahim Roble Warfa’ “Doonyaale”, Col. Elmi Nur Tarambi, Col. Mohamed Nur Barqhab, Col. Ahmed Ismail Boqor and many others.

Some of the other issues that Gen. Salaad Gabeyre and Afweyne disagreed upon include:-

1. Decisions of the Supreme Revolutionary Council pertaining towards governance, policy making, politics, economy, security, and defense to be made collectively, voting based on democratic system, and considering in the future a fixed and appropriate time to transfer power to the hands of civilians.

2. The first morning of the day that the coup took place, all the members of the government and their Prime Minister Mohamed Ibrahim Egal were seized in order to be arrested; however, on the second day, Afweyne arrested without consent high level politicians including {former} President Aden Abudlle Osman and some of the other gentlemen who were arrested include Abdirizak Haji Hussein and Haji Musse Boqor while Sheikh Mukhtar M. Hussein and Gen. Mohamed Abshir Hamaan were kept under house arrest for long time. These seizures were done by forces with clan affiliation led by Afweyne’s son-in-law Ahmed Suleyman Dafle.

3. Siyaad Barre added his own supporters to the list of the Supreme Revolutionary Council members.

Mohamed Ali Samatar was the man who designed the tactics that Siyaad Barre could become a dictator who holds power as long as he lives. The second Charter of the Supreme Revolutionary Council defines that Somalia has chosen s {Scientific} Socialism system based on Marxism-Leninism. This system illustrates that it is forbidden the separation of powers based on the system of democracy (check and balances) that could be a parallel with the dictatorship system, to take over the assets of private foreign corporations and public domain, no free economic enterprise in the country such as businesses and markets, to abolish any laws that serves the inherent dignity of the citizen and human rights such as participating in outreach to society, literary arts, freedom of speech, organizing political party and public demonstrations.

None of the Supreme Revolutionary Council members including Siyaad Barre were well versed on the Marxism-Leninism philosophy, but it was meant getting close to Russia {Soviet Union} and staying power. Afweyne’s behavior seems to favor the theory of Machiavellian rather than Marxism-Leninism in the sense that it depicts “Do whatever it takes in order to achieve your aim and No other form of theory or initials of thoughts could begun before what the ruler think.”

Factually, the most important issues that Salaad Gabeyre and Afweyne disputed are the ones mentioned above. There was no coup d’état that he was planning but he was framed, and executed with associates. Former officers and several politicians believe that Gen. Caynaanshe in comparison with Afweyne, these two people are very different in so many ways. General Mohamed Aynanshe was of a higher caliber in education, patriotism, effectiveness, and dignity than Afweyne. Caynaanshe is considered to have close characteristics of the goodness that the Somali National Army and the Somali public have had for General Daa’uud. Likewise, Col. Abdulkadir Dheyl Abdulle was well-trained officer with high self-confidence and good manners. He was brave and very active and was loved by the officers and enlisted personnel.

These gentlemen were executed ruthlessly and it is about time that they were given their deserved individual and national recognition and to cultivate their obliterated history and respect through notional memoriam and a memorial day of remembrance. To commemorate their names on important common public places such as streets, schools, and military bases etc.

On April 12th, the commemoration of the Somali National Army Day is an opportunity to acknowledge their names and history and to return all the assets that was looted from them and their heirs legally without any conditions and bargaining.

By Dr. Maxamed Cali Axmed Kamoole

Article 21 May 2021 10:14

I read your article on Foreign Policy with keen eyes and interest. While whining from public officials does not deserve response from any sensible citizen of the Republic of Somalia, I felt compelled to counter false narrative with more objective analysis.