Farmaajo: We Have No One Else to Blame
An estimated 23,000 people were displaced by the clashes pitting Government forces against Al-Shabaab insurgents during the same period, according to Melissa Fleming, spokesperson for the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). “So far this year over 200,000 civilians are estimated to have fled their homes,” she told reporters in Geneva.
“People who have been able to reach northern Somalia and neighbouring countries are mostly arriving on foot and by small buses and travelling without shelter. They tell our staff that the streets of Mogadishu are completely deserted and that people are too afraid to leave their houses,” Ms. Fleming added. “In these dangerous and difficult conditions, aid distributions are becoming rare and those who venture out are risking their lives,” she said.
Those fleeing were reportedly giving away their possessions in exchange for seats in vehicles going out of the city, according to UNHCR, which said the refugees faced further security risks en route to the self-declared autonomous region of Puntland in the northeast, and to neighbouring Ethiopia and Kenya.
Some 7,300 Somalia have reached Yemen by boat this year, where they have spoken of going through numerous checkpoints manned by armed groups before reaching the towns and villages along country’s Gulf of Aden coast to board boats that smuggled them to Yemen.
A total of 37,000 Somali refugees have entered Kenya so far this year, down by roughly a third in comparison to the first eight months of 2009, according to Ms. Fleming. However, UNHCR registered 6,500 new Somali refugees in Kenya in August, the highest monthly total since June last year.
Those who make it to the Kenyan border and register at the Dadaab complex of refugee camps have said that that many people were staying in makeshift camps for internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Somalia because they feared being forcibly recruited and mistreated by militias. Further more, many cannot afford to pay for transport to the border and heavy rainfall has made some roads impassable.
Ethiopia is the only country in the region showing a continuing increase in the number arriving Somali refugees. More than 20,000 have sought safety there this year, bringing the total Somali refugee population in that country to almost 76,000.
Overall, almost 68,000 Somalis have fled this year to countries in the region. As of the end of August, there were more than 614,000 Somali refugees outside the country and at least 1.4 million IDPs inside the country.
Meanwhile, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, António Guterres, today begun a three-day visit to Kenya to review a green-energy initiative at the Kakuma refugee camp in the country
I read your article on Foreign Policy with keen eyes and interest. While whining from public officials does not deserve response from any sensible citizen of the Republic of Somalia, I felt compelled to counter false narrative with more objective analysis.